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Sociology laboratory report buy online academic essay writing nbsp Lab report buy exclusive writing help here at a good price price 2017 nbsp An introduction to the guide While writing is a critical part of the scientific process, it is often taught secondarily to scientific concepts and becomes an afterthought to many students can you recall who worked on a laboratory assignment or class project for weeks, only to throw together the written report the day before it was due? For many, this pattern occurs because we focus almost exclusively on the scientific process, all but neglecting the scientific writing ific writing is often a difficult and arduous task for many students 11 steps to structuring a science paper editors will take ific writing is often a difficult and arduous task for many students.It follows a different format and deviates in structure from how we were initially taught to write, or even how we currently write for English, history, or social science can make the scientific writing process appear overwhelming, especially when presented with new, complex r, effective writing can deepen understanding of the topic at hand by compelling the writer to present a coherent and logical story that is supported by previous research and new results Poster Perfect The Scientist r, effective writing can deepen understanding of the topic at hand by compelling the writer to present a coherent and logical story that is supported by previous research and new scientific writing generally follows a specific format with key sections: an introduction to a particular topic, hypotheses to be tested, a description of methods, key results, and finally, a discussion that ties these results to our broader knowledge of the topic (Day and Gastel 2012) homework Best website to buy a laboratory report astronomy British Standard 5 pages / 1375 words double follows a different format and deviates in structure from how we were initially taught to write, or even how we currently write for English, history, or social science can make the scientific writing process appear overwhelming, especially when presented with new, complex r, effective writing can deepen understanding of the topic at hand by compelling the writer to present a coherent and logical story that is supported by previous research and new results Poster Perfect The Scientist r, effective writing can deepen understanding of the topic at hand by compelling the writer to present a coherent and logical story that is supported by previous research and new scientific writing generally follows a specific format with key sections: an introduction to a particular topic, hypotheses to be tested, a description of methods, key results, and finally, a discussion that ties these results to our broader knowledge of the topic (Day and Gastel 2012) homework.

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This general format is inherent in most scientific writing and facilitates the transfer of information from author to reader if a few guidelines are , we present a succinct step-by-step guide that lays out strategies for effective scientific writing with the intention that the guide be disseminated to undergraduate students to increase the focus on the writing process in the college we recognize that there are no hard and fast rules when it comes to scientific writing, and more experienced writers may choose to disregard our suggestions these guidelines will assist undergraduates in overcoming the initial challenges associated with writing scientific guide was inspired by Joshua Schimel's Writing Science: How to Write Papers that Get Cited and Proposals that Get Funded—an excellent book about scientific writing for graduate students and professional scientists—but designed to address undergraduate students British Essay writers have perfect writers who have command on writing essays, dissertations & assignments.Get best essay writing service general format is inherent in most scientific writing and facilitates the transfer of information from author to reader if a few guidelines are , we present a succinct step-by-step guide that lays out strategies for effective scientific writing with the intention that the guide be disseminated to undergraduate students to increase the focus on the writing process in the college we recognize that there are no hard and fast rules when it comes to scientific writing, and more experienced writers may choose to disregard our suggestions these guidelines will assist undergraduates in overcoming the initial challenges associated with writing scientific guide was inspired by Joshua Schimel's Writing Science: How to Write Papers that Get Cited and Proposals that Get Funded—an excellent book about scientific writing for graduate students and professional scientists—but designed to address undergraduate the guide was written by a group of ecologists and evolutionary biologists, the strategies and suggestions presented here are applicable across the biological sciences and other scientific disciplines British Essay writers have perfect writers who have command on writing essays, dissertations & assignments.Get best essay writing service the guide was written by a group of ecologists and evolutionary biologists, the strategies and suggestions presented here are applicable across the biological sciences and other scientific less of the specific course being taught, this guide can be used as a reference when writing scientific papers, independent research projects, and laboratory students looking for more in-depth advice, additional resources are listed at the end of the illustrate points regarding each step of the scientific writing process, we draw examples throughout the guide from Kilner et al HECSU, for supplying case studies from Real Prospects 2011. ISSN 1759   It does not include EU or international graduates.   A report by the UK Commission of Employment and Skills suggests that these occupations are less likely to be filled by young people, but where they are, it is overwhelmingly by graduates14..Get best essay writing service the guide was written by a group of ecologists and evolutionary biologists, the strategies and suggestions presented here are applicable across the biological sciences and other scientific less of the specific course being taught, this guide can be used as a reference when writing scientific papers, independent research projects, and laboratory students looking for more in-depth advice, additional resources are listed at the end of the illustrate points regarding each step of the scientific writing process, we draw examples throughout the guide from Kilner et al.(2004), a paper on brown-headed cowbirds—a species of bird that lays its eggs in the nests of other bird species, or hosts—that was published in the journal igate why cowbird nestlings tolerate the company of host offspring during development rather than pushing host eggs out of the nest upon hatching to monopolize parental articles in the journal Science are especially concise and lack the divisions of a normal scientific paper, Kilner et al.

(2004) offers plenty of examples of effective communication strategies that are utilized in scientific hope that the guidelines that follow, as well as the concrete examples provided, will lead to scientific papers that are information rich, concise, and clear, while simultaneously alleviating frustration and streamlining the writing raduate guide to writing in the biological sciences The before steps The scientific writing process can be a daunting and often procrastinated “last step” in the scientific process, leading to cursory attempts to get scientific arguments and results down on r, scientific writing is not an afterthought and should begin well before drafting the first sful writing starts with researching how your work fits into existing literature, crafting a compelling story, and determining how to best tailor your message to an intended ch how your work fits into existing literature It is important to decide how your research compares to other studies of its kind by familiarizing yourself with previous research on the you are preparing a laboratory write-up, refer to your textbook and laboratory manual for background a research article, perform a thorough literature search on a credible search engine (e.Ask the following questions: What do we know about the topic? What open questions and knowledge do we not yet know? Why is this information important? This will provide critical insight into the structure and style that others have used when writing about the field and communicating ideas on this specific will also set you up to successfully craft a compelling story, as you will begin writing with precise knowledge of how your work builds on previous research and what sets your research apart from the current published tand your audience (and write to them) In order to write effectively, you must identify your audience and decide what story you want them to learn.While this may seem obvious, writing about science as a narrative is often not done, largely because you were probably taught to remain dispassionate and impartial while communicating scientific purpose of science writing is not explaining what you did or what your audience to by asking: Who is my audience? What are their goals in reading my writing? What message do I want them to take away from my writing? There are great resources available to help science writers answer these questions (Nisbet 2009, Baron 2010).If you are interested in publishing a scientific paper, academic journal websites also provide clear journal mission statements and submission guidelines for prospective most effective science writers are familiar with the background of their topic, have a clear story that they want to convey, and effectively craft their message to communicate that story to their uction The Introduction sets the tone of the paper by providing relevant background information and clearly identifying the problem you plan to of your Introduction as the beginning of a funnel: Start wide to put your research into a broad context that someone outside of the field would understand, and then narrow the scope until you reach the specific question that you are trying to answer ( y state the wider implications of your work for the field of study, or, if relevant, any societal impacts it may have, and provide enough background information that the reader can understand your my laboratory report order exclusive writing help from nbsp Perform a thorough sweep of the literature; however, do not parrot everything you ound information should only include material that is directly relevant to your research and fits into your story; it does not need to contain an entire history of the field of er to include in-text citations in the format of (Author, year published) for each paper that you cite and avoid using the author's name as the subject of the sentence: Figure 1 2 Oct 2014 - published writing provide this website as a introductory guide for writing a journal-style scientific paper in a standard format acceptable for most courses in the Biology suggest that you either have this document running in your browser while you er to include in-text citations in the format of (Author, year published) for each paper that you cite and avoid using the author's name as the subject of the sentence: Figure 1.

The structure of a paper mirrors that of an hourglass, opening broadly and narrowing to the specific question, hypothesis, methods, and results of the ive papers widen again in the discussion and conclusion, connecting the study back to the existing literature and explaining how the current study filled a knowledge gap How to get an ecology lab report Standard 65 pages / 17875 words 9 days Writing from ive papers widen again in the discussion and conclusion, connecting the study back to the existing literature and explaining how the current study filled a knowledge gap.

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, it is unclear why cowbird nestlings tolerate host offspring when they must compete with host offspring for food) (refer to the section “Research how your work fits into existing literature”).The knowledge gap tends to be a small piece of a much larger field of itly state how your work will contribute to filling that knowledge is a crucial section of your manuscript; your discussion and conclusion should all be aimed at answering the knowledge gap that you are trying to addition, the knowledge gap will drive your hypotheses and questions that you design your experiment to hypothesis will often logically follow the identification of the knowledge gap (Table 1) Should i order a astronomy laboratory report A4 (British/European) Academic double spaced plagiarism free.Best website to write astronomy laboratory report ASA Junior 24 hours originalHow to get writing services astronomy laboratory report 17 pages / 4675 words 10 days Formatting is a crucial section of your manuscript; your discussion and conclusion should all be aimed at answering the knowledge gap that you are trying to addition, the knowledge gap will drive your hypotheses and questions that you design your experiment to hypothesis will often logically follow the identification of the knowledge gap (Table 1) 12 Nov 2017 - Who can do a college liberal arts research proposal a4 (british/european) single spaced writing   PersonalCommon app essay single or double spaced harvard business review leadership case studies movie report template what is an essay map do you start off an argumentative essay essay on adverse  .Best website to write astronomy laboratory report ASA Junior 24 hours originalHow to get writing services astronomy laboratory report 17 pages / 4675 words 10 days Formatting is a crucial section of your manuscript; your discussion and conclusion should all be aimed at answering the knowledge gap that you are trying to addition, the knowledge gap will drive your hypotheses and questions that you design your experiment to hypothesis will often logically follow the identification of the knowledge gap (Table 1).

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Here, you may also state your system, study organism, or study site, and provide justification for why you chose this particular system for your your system, study organism, or site a good representation of a more generalized pattern? Providing a brief outline of your project will allow your Introduction to segue smoothly into your 'Materials and Methods' section.

 Constructing a hypothesis A hypothesis is a testable explanation of an observed occurrence in nature, or, more specifically, why something you observed is eses relate directly to research questions, are written in the present tense, and can be tested through observation or gh the terms “hypothesis” and “prediction” are often incorrectly used interchangeably, they refer to different but complementary concepts.A hypothesis attempts to explain the mechanism underlying a pattern, while a prediction states an expectation regarding the challenging to construct, hypotheses provide powerful tools for structuring research, generating specific predictions, and designing e: Observation: Brown-headed cowbird nestlings refrain from ejecting host offspring from the nest even though those offspring compete for limited parental ch question: Why do nestling cowbirds tolerate the presence of host offspring in the nest? Hypothesis: The presence of host offspring causes parents to bring more food to the tion: Cowbird nestlings will grow at a faster rate in nests that contain host als and Methods The 'Materials and Methods' section is arguably the most straightforward section to write; you can even begin writing it while performing your experiments to avoid forgetting any details of your experimental order to make your paper as clear as possible, organize this section into subsections with headers for each procedure you describe (e.We recommend reusing these headers in your Results and Discussion to help orient your aim of the 'Materials and Methods' section is to demonstrate that you used scientifically valid methods and provide the reader with enough information to recreate your chronological order, clearly state the procedural steps you took, remembering to include the model numbers and specific settings of all equipment used (e., centrifuged in Beckman Coulter Benchtop Centrifuge Model Allegra X -15R at 12,000 ×g for 45 minutes).In addition to your experimental procedure, describe any statistical analyses that you the parameters you include in your 'Materials and Methods' section will vary based on your experimental design, we list common ones in Table 2 (Journal of Young Investigators 2005) that are usually you followed a procedure developed from another paper, cite the source that it came from and provide a general description of the is no need to reiterate every detail, unless you deviated from the source and changed a step in your to write a paper in scientific journal style and nbsp bates college However, it is important to provide enough information that the reader can follow your methods without referring to the original you explain your experiment step by step, you may be tempted to include qualifiers where sources of error occurred (e.

, the tube was supposed to be centrifuged for 5 minutes, but was actually centrifuged for 10) 1 Sep 2011 - Mentors often tell students to go into the hallway and make a poster like the ones hanging there; posters present preliminary data, which is sometimesLiLynn Graves, graphic and web designer at the Cornell Center for Materials Research at Cornell University, suggests a font size of 85pt for the title,., the tube was supposed to be centrifuged for 5 minutes, but was actually centrifuged for 10).However, generally wait until the Discussion to mention these subjective qualifiers and avoid discussing them in the 'Materials and Methods' section. Common parameters included in the 'Materials and Methods' section • Site characterization: Description of field site or site where experiment was performed • Experimental design: Sample preparation Important equipment settings (e., temperature of incubation, speed of centrifuge) Amount of reagents used • Statistical analyses conducted (e.

, ANOVA, linear regression) The 'Materials and Methods' section should be written in the past tense: “On hatch day, and every day thereafter for 9 days, we weighed chicks, measured their tibia length, and calculated the instantaneous growth constant K to summarize rates of mass gain and skeletal growth.Online essay writers we guarantee only first class results 2017 nbsp 2004) While it is generally advisable to use active voice throughout the paper (refer to the section “Putting It All Together,” below), you may want to use a mixture of active and passive voice in the 'Materials and Methods' section in order to vary sentence structure and avoid repetitive s The Results section provides a space to present your key findings in a purely objective manner and lay the foundation for the Discussion section, where those data are subjectively diving into this section, identify which graphs, tables, and data are absolutely necessary for telling your , craft a descriptive sentence or two that summarizes each result, referring to corresponding table and figure than presenting the details all at once, write a short summary about each data you carried out a complicated study, we recommend dividing your results into multiple sections with clear headers following the sequence laid out in the 'Materials and Methods' you relate each finding, be as specific as possible and describe your data biologically rather than through the lens of statistical tests give your data credibility by allowing you to attribute observed differences to nonrandom variation, they fail to address the actual meaning of the d, translate the data into biological terms and refer to statistical results as supplemental information, or even in parenthetical clauses (Schimel 2012) Last-applied sort orders.

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If you want the last-applied sort order to d, translate the data into biological terms and refer to statistical results as supplemental information, or even in parenthetical clauses (Schimel 2012).For example, if your dependent variable changed in response to a treatment, report the magnitude and direction of the effect, with the P-value in parentheses Best websites to write astronomy laboratory report american a4 british nbsp.For example, if your dependent variable changed in response to a treatment, report the magnitude and direction of the effect, with the P-value in parentheses.“By day 8, cowbirds reared with host young were, on average, 14% heavier than cowbirds reared alone (unpaired t 16 = −2 Mistake 3: Style You should avoid using personal language or commanding the reader Should i buy a lab report American 113 pages / 31075 words A4 (British/European) e 3: Style You should avoid using personal language or commanding the g in the passive helps overcome both these.“By day 8, cowbirds reared with host young were, on average, 14% heavier than cowbirds reared alone (unpaired t 16 = −2 should i purchase a custom business thesis Chicago British Rewriting.“By day 8, cowbirds reared with host young were, on average, 14% heavier than cowbirds reared alone (unpaired t 16 = −2.05 (or your other statistical tests yielded nonsignificant results), report any noticeable trends in the data rather than simply dismissing the treatment as having no significant effect (Fry 1993).

By focusing on the data and leaving out any interpretation of the results in this section, you will provide the reader with the tools necessary to objectively evaluate your sion and conclusion The Discussion section usually requires the most consideration, as this is where you interpret your Discussion should form a self-contained story tying together your Introduction and Results sections (Schimel 2012).One potential strategy for writing the Discussion is to begin by explicitly stating the main finding(s) of your research (Cals and Kotz 2013).Remind the reader of the knowledge gap identified in the Introduction to re-spark curiosity about the question you set out to , explicitly state how your experiment moved the field forward by filling that knowledge gap.After the opening paragraph of your Discussion, we suggest addressing your question and hypotheses with specific evidence from your there are multiple possible interpretations of a result, clearly lay out each competing the cowbird example, a higher feeding rate in the presence of host offspring could indicate either (1) that the parents were more responsive to the begging behavior of their own species or (2) that the collective begging behavior of more offspring in the nest motivated the host parents to provide additional food (Kilner etting and evaluating alternative explanations of your findings will provide clear opportunities for future r, be sure to keep your Discussion concrete by referring to your results to support each given ingled with these interpretations, reference preexisting literature and report how your results relate to previous findings (Casenove and Kirk 2016).Ask yourself the following questions: How do my results compare to those of similar studies? Are they consistent or inconsistent with what other researchers have found? If they are inconsistent, discuss why this might be the example, are you asking a similar question in a different system, organism, or site? Was there a difference in the methods or experimental design? Any caveats of the study (e.

, small sample size, procedural mistakes, or known biases in the methods) should be transparent and briefly conclusion, generally located in its own short section or the last paragraph of the Discussion, represents your final opportunity to state the significance of your than merely restating your main findings, the conclusion should summarize the outcome of your study in a way that incorporates new insights or frames interesting questions that arose as a result of your n your perspective again as you reach the bottom of the hourglass (Fig.Dear dr neufeld science aaas While it is important to acknowledge the shortcomings or caveats of the research project, generally include these near the beginning of the conclusion or earlier in the want your take-home sentences to focus on what you have accomplished and the broader implications of your study, rather than your study's limitations or shortcomings (Schimel 2012).Putting it all together No matter how many boards you stack on top of each other, you still need nails to prevent the pile from falling apart 3 Oct 2016 - It is therefore important that undergraduate students receive a solid foundation in scientific writing early in their academic many students can you recall who worked on a laboratory assignment or class project for weeks, only to throw together the written report the day before it was due?.Putting it all together No matter how many boards you stack on top of each other, you still need nails to prevent the pile from falling same logic applies to a scientific things—such as flow, structure, voice, and word choice—will connect your story, polish your paper, and make it enjoyable to reader should easily be able to move from one concept to another, either within a sentence or between paragraphs Should i order a ecology lab report Business American AMA reader should easily be able to move from one concept to another, either within a sentence or between bolster the flow, constantly remind yourself of the overarching story; always connect new questions with resolutions and tie new concepts to previously presented ideas /lab-report/ bolster the flow, constantly remind yourself of the overarching story; always connect new questions with resolutions and tie new concepts to previously presented a general rule, try to maintain the same subject throughout a section and mix up sentence structure in order to emphasize different concepts.Keep in mind that words or ideas placed toward the end of a sentence often convey the most importance (Schimel 2012).

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The use of active voice with occasional sentences in passive voice will additionally strengthen your ific writing is rife with passive voice that weakens otherwise powerful sentences by stripping the subjects of r, when used properly, the passive voice can improve flow by strategically placing a sentence's subject so that it echoes the emphasis of the preceding e the following sentences: “The cowbird nestlings tolerated the host nestlings.” (active) (passive) If host nestlings are the focus of the paragraph as a whole, it may make more sense to present the passive sentence in this case, even though it is weaker than the active passive and active voices can complement each other in particular situations, you should typically use the active voice whenever , word choice is critical for effective storytelling (Journal of Young Investigators 2005).Lab report asa british premium 2017 php myadmin com Rather than peppering your report or manuscript with overly complicated words, use simple words to lay the framework of your study and discuss your ating any flourish and choosing words that get your point across as clearly as possible will make your work much more enjoyable to read (Strunk and White 1979, Schimel 2012) 2 Apr 2011 - Figure 3.1: Total number of technicians in bioscience, chemistry, engineering, and physics in UK   research and teaching that is carried out by other people, or are do they make a more substantive   university workshop technician, while departments in the biological sciences whose research laboratory..Lab report asa british premium 2017 php myadmin com Rather than peppering your report or manuscript with overly complicated words, use simple words to lay the framework of your study and discuss your ating any flourish and choosing words that get your point across as clearly as possible will make your work much more enjoyable to read (Strunk and White 1979, Schimel 2012).

Editing and peer review Although you have finally finished collecting data and writing your report, you are not done yet! Re-reading your paper and incorporating constructive feedback from others can make the difference between getting a paper accepted or rejected from a journal or receiving one letter grade over another on a editing stage is where you put the finishing touches on your by taking some time away from your y, you began your paper early enough that you can refrain from looking at it for a day or two.

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active or passive voice, you should write in the active voice unless you have good reason to use the passive voice.Different With a title such as “A Biology Lab Report” the reader has no idea whether r, if the deadline looms large, take an hour break at the very least.Come back to your paper and verify that it still expresses what you intended to are the gaps in your story structure? What has not been explained clearly? Where is the writing awkward, making it difficult to understand your point? Consider reading the paper out loud first, and then print and edit a hard copy to inspect the paper from different the first run-through of your paper, make sure you addressed all of the main ideas of the way to achieve this is by writing down the key points you want to hit prior to re-reading your your paper deviates from these points, you may need to delete some contrast, if you forgot to include something, add it check the flow of your paragraphs, verify that a common thread ties each paragraph to the preceding one, and similarly, that each sentence within a paragraph builds on the previous y, re-read the paper with a finer lens, editing sentence structure and word choice as you go to put the finishing touches on your r and spelling are just as important as your scientific story; a poorly written paper will have limited impact regardless of the quality of the ideas expressed (Harley etediting your own paper, ask someone else to read it .After editing your own paper, ask someone else to read it.A classmate is ideal because he/she understands the assignment and could exchange papers with editing steps described above also apply when editing someone else's a classmate is not available, try asking a family member or a friend .

A classmate is ideal because he/she understands the assignment and could exchange papers with editing steps described above also apply when editing someone else's a classmate is not available, try asking a family member or a friend.Having a fresh set of eyes examine your work may help you identify sections of your paper that need 5 pivotal paragraphs in a paper dynamic ecology This procedure will also give you a glimpse into the peer review process, which is integral to professional science writing (Guilford 2001).Don't be discouraged by negative comments—incorporating the feedback of reviewers will only strengthen your sion While the basics of writing are generally taught early in life, many people constantly work to refine their writing ability throughout their careers 19 Feb 2014 - writing in other scientific disciplines except that the format will differ as will the criteria for or passive voice, you should write in the active voice unless you have good reason to use the passive entWith a title such as “A Biology Lab Report” the reader has no idea whether the.Conclusion While the basics of writing are generally taught early in life, many people constantly work to refine their writing ability throughout their professional scientists feel that they can always write more ng on the strategies for success laid out in this guide will not only improve your writing skills, but also make the scientific writing process easier and more r, keep in mind that there is no single correct way to write a scientific paper, and as you gain experience with scientific writing, you will begin to find your own voice Advice on writing reference letters UPDATED Dynamic r, keep in mind that there is no single correct way to write a scientific paper, and as you gain experience with scientific writing, you will begin to find your own luck and happy writing! Additional resources For those interested in learning more about the skill of scientific writing, we recommend the following resources /lab-report/ luck and happy writing! Additional resources For those interested in learning more about the skill of scientific writing, we recommend the following note that much of the inspiration and concrete ideas for this step-by-step guide originated from Schimel's Writing Science: How to Write Papers that Get Cited and Proposals that Get g scientific manuscripts: a guide for l of Young Investigators, in of the Ecological Society of America 79: 171–172.A student's guide to writing in the life President and Fellows of Harvard University, g science: how to write papers that get cited and proposals that get funded.

Acknowledgments We thank Nichole Barger and the University of Colorado, Boulder 2016 graduate writing seminar for helpful discussions that greatly enhanced the quality of this ial Conflicts of Interest Project StORe: Astronomy ReportAbstractIn many ways, digital astronomy is at the forefront of issues related to data curation, given the existing experience with generating large amounts of data in raw form, and significant quantities of derived data in processed onally, astronomers have agreed upon a set of standards and web services for accessing, organizing and disseminating data Astrophysics and omy Reports (Astronomicheskii Zhurnal), founded in 1924, is the most prominent astronomy journal in the former Soviet journal publishes original papers on astronomical topics, including theoretical and observational astrophysics .In the United States, the international Virtual Observatory effort is often cited as the archetypal example for cyberinfrastructure-related omy data is “unconstrained” in the sense that it does not contain the same privacy, legal, commercial, characteristic enables astronomers, and librarians, to build systems in an open manner This is your portal to astronomy news, the celestial reports and observing tips that make you say, “wow!” Here you'll learn the latest on Curiosity's Martian trek and discover why the detection of gravitational waves heralded a new era of out why mysteriously quiet solar cycles have astronomers scratching .1) Apart from being a condition of use of source repositories, the culture in astronomy is strong for citing source data in from output to source repositories may be more useful than vice main value for accessing data in this manner would be value to the research community, to validate results, to identify specific astronomical objects of interest, or to identify collaborative opportunities.

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2) Researchers are happy for their (source) data to be used as long as it is credited and, where publicly funded, there is an obligation for it to be made so anyway after a proprietary period of usually 6 to18 months (during which time data is restricted to project team members).3) and NASA-ADS are the main A&I database and output repositories used.The Virtual Observatory team and Sheridan Libraries at Johns Hopkins are working with the University of Chicago Press to consider output repository support at the time of article submission, especially as it supports preservation of derived data cited within publications.

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