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The art of tact and diplomacy | skillsyouneed

Are you sure you want to YesNo Your message goes here 1. DiplomacyWhat is Diplomacy?What is Diplomat?Diplomacy ို ာ ံ ္း ္ ္း ။Diplomat ို ာ ံ ္။ 3. Modern diplomacy's origins are often traced to the statesof Northern Italy in the early Renaissance, with the firstembassies being established in the thirteenth century.

Francesco Sforza who established permanent embassiesto the other cities states of Northern Italy. It was in Italythat many of the traditions of modern diplomacy began,such as the presentation of an ambassador's credentialsto the head of state.

France and Spain became increasingly involved in Italianpolitics the need to accept emissaries was recognized. The elements of modern diplomacy slowly spread toEastern Europe and arrived in Russia by the earlyeighteenth century.

• Napoleon also refused to acknowledge diplomaticimmunity.

• After the fall of Napoleon, the Congress of Vienna of1815 established an international system ofdiplomatic rank. Disputes on precedence amongnations (and the appropriate diplomatic ranks used)• Permanent foreign ministries were established inalmost all European states to coordinate embassiesand their staffs.

• France, which boasted the largest foreign affairsdepartment, had only 70 full-time employees in the1780s. DiplomacyDefinitions ofDiplomacyThe Management of International Relations ByNegotiation. The application of intelligence and tact to theconduct of Official relations betweengovernments of independent States.

Recent Diplomatic practice by Non-stateActors; IOs, Human Rights Groups and MNCs 6.

Track 2 diplomacy powerpoint presentation | foreign policy | ethical

What is Diplomacy“Diplomacy is neither the invention nor thepastime of some particular political system,but is an essential element in any reasonablerelation between man and man and betweennation and nation 10 Nov 2009 - Diplomacy Central Case:The Congress of Vienna Presented by Grant Stone. The beginning of Pitts plan

  • Alexander I, Tsar of the Russias
  • William Pitt, British Prime Minister

Bargaining ေေ - ေ ူ• Negotiation• The diplomat should be an excellent negotiator but,above all, a catalyst for peace and understandingbetween peoples.

The diplomat's principal role is tofoster peaceful relations between states. This role takeson heightened importance once war breaks out.

Negotiation must necessarily continue but withinsignificantly altered contexts. • Without it many nations would not be able to conductsuccessful negotiations.

Value of DiplomacyValue of DiplomacyA cost-effective way of head off problemssuch Wars and Trade Conflicts 10.

Origin of DiplomacyOrigin of DiplomacyThe Peace of Westphalia in 1648 created the firstmodern diplomatic congress in addition tocreating a new world order in central Europebased on state sovereignty. Much of Europebegan to change after the introduction ofmodern diplomacy.

Treaties Governing DiplomaticRelations ViennaConvention on Diplomatic Relations - 1961• Vienna Convention on Diplomatic RelationsVienna Convention on Consular Relations -1963• Vienna Convention on Consular RelationsConvention on Special Missions - 1969• Convention on Special Missions 12.

International Relations &DiplomacyInternationalRelationsState, President,General, Diplomat,Minister, Society,IndividualForeign MinisterOffices &EmbassyDiplomacy 13.

Form of Diplomacy Most Diplomacy Bilateral Diplomacy The Rise of Multilateral Diplomacy since 19th Century Multilateral Conferences UN Conference of Population and Development(Cairo, 1994)UN World Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995)-country representatives try to move towardagenda setting programs for international society- non-state actors attempt to influence the rulesand norms of any agreements made 14 Only one country in the world, Popula, has diplomatic relations with Isolatia. The dictator in However, a few people have escaped and are telling stories..

Traditional Diplomacy OlddiplomacyModern Diplomacy New diplomacyOld or Traditional Diplomacy till theend of 18th Century BilateralDiplomacyModern Diplomacy the 19th CenturyTraining on presentation skills and diplomatic techniques - news

Feature of Traditional Diplomacy- a communication process between recognizablymodern states rather than other forms of politicalorganization- Europe - centric-The main actors ; the Five Big Powers (England,France, Prussia, Austria,Spain)- Most of Asia, Africa and Latin AmericaStructure 17. - Organizing Largely on a Bilateral basis- Undertaking in secrecy characterized by distinctiverules and Procedures- The Development of Diplomatic Protocol and aseries of rights, privileges and immunitiesFeature of Traditional DiplomacyProcess 18.

Feature of Traditional Diplomacy- Parochial and Narrow-Set up by the underdeveloped State of bilateralrelationships between States- the preoccupations of Political Leaders- The signification contribution of TraditionalDiplomacy >>>>the century of Peace in Europe b/t1815 - 1914Agenda 19. Feature of Modern Diplomacy- The Major Actors States- Non-state actors like IGOs and NGOs- Well-establishment of permanent EmbassiesabroadStructure 20.

Feature of Modern Diplomacy- Becoming a more complicated activity involvingStates and Non-state Actors- Bilateral negotiations on a state to state basis- Multilateral Negotiation of groups of States in IGOslike the UN and with other NGOsProcess 21. AgendaFeature of Modern Diplomacy A number of new issues;- Low Politics (Economic, Social and Welfare)- High Politics (Military Issues and issues ofWar and Peace) 22.

Functions of DiplomacyThese Functions Focus on the Diplomatic crops headed by anAmbassador Representing StateInterest Symbolic Representation Obtaining Information Promoting and Protectingthe Interests of Nations Policymaking byDiplomats 23. • Diplomacy has existed since the beginning of the human race.

• The act of conducting negotiations between two persons, ortwo nations at a large scope is essential to the upkeep ofinternational affairs. • Among the many functions of diplomacy, some includepreventing war and violence, and fortifying relations betweentwo nations.

• Diplomacy is most importantly used to complete a specificagenda. • Therefore without diplomacy, much of the world’s affairs wouldbe abolished, international organizations would not exist, andabove all the world would be at a constant state of war.

• It is for diplomacy that certain countries can exist in harmony. First Function of Diplomacy• The first function involves “representing a state’s interests andconducting negotiations or discussions designed to identifycommon interests as well as areas of disagreement between theparties, for the purpose of achieving the state’s goals and avoidingconflict”• Representations of a state as well as negotiation are the mostimportant functions of diplomacy. • Negotiations between two representatives are a key component indiplomacy, because in doing so the representatives find a commoninterest.

• Finding a common interest is vital in conducting negotiationsbecause with a common interest representatives are able to devisea solution that is in the interest of both sides.

Second Function of Diplomacy• The second function of diplomacy involves “thegathering of information and subsequentidentification and evaluation of the receivingstate’s foreign policy goals” (Ameri 1) 23 Jun 2015 - of the traditions of modern diplomacy began, such as the presentation of Most diplomats have university degrees in international relations, .

The types of internal diplomatic correspondence annual reports

Political leaderschoose what path is right for their country then. Third Function of Diplomacy• The third major function of diplomacy isexpansion of political, economic, and cultural tiesbetween two countries (Ameri 2). • For example, after WWII countries such as theUnited States and Britain aimed their foreignpolicy at the extermination of communism.

Inpresent day, the United States State Departmentengages international audiences to speak aboutpolitics, security, and their values to help createan environment receptive to US nationalinterests. Final or Fourth Function of Diplomacy• Finally, the fourth function of diplomacy isthat “diplomacy is the facilitating or enforcingvehicle for the observation of internationallaw” (Ameri 2). • It is the diplomat’s job to promote thecountry’s national interests and keep ties withother countries open.

• EmbassyA diplomatic mission located in the capital city of another country which generally offer a fullrange of services, including consular services.

• High CommissionAn embassy of a Commonwealth country located in another Commonwealth country. • Permanent MissionA diplomatic mission to a major international organization.

• Consulate GeneralA diplomatic mission located in a major city, other than the capital city, which provides a fullrange of services, including consular services. • ConsulateA diplomatic mission that is similar to a consulate general, but which does not provide a fullrange of services.

• Consulate Headed by Honorary ConsulA diplomatic mission headed by an Honorary Consul which provides only a limited range ofservices. Diplomatic privileges andimmunitiesDiplomatic privileges and immunities guaranteethat diplomatic agents or members of theirimmediate family:• May not be arrested or detained• May not have their residences entered andsearched• May not be subpoenaed as witnesses• May not be prosecuted 30. KissingerGerman-born Americanpolitical scientist anddiplomat Henry Kissingerwon the Nobel Peace Prizefor his joint efforts withLe Duc Tho of NorthVietnam to negotiate apeaceful settlement of theVietnam War.

Diplomacy - slideshare

Kissingerplayed a significant role inUnited States foreign policybetween 1969 and 1977 Track 2 diplomacy powerpoint presentation - Download as Powerpoint the leaders are stuck in rigid roles and politically have less access to fluidity than .

NAME: Henry KissingerOCCUPATION: Diplomat, PoliticalScientistBIRTH DATE: May 27, 1923 (Age: 90)EDUCATION: Harvard UniversityPLACE OF BIRTH: Furth, GermanyFull Name: Henry Alfred KissingerZODIAC SIGN: Gemini 31.

A Diplomat• A diplomat is a person appointed by a state toconduct diplomacy with another state orinternational organization. • The main functions of diplomats revolve aroundthe representation and protection of theinterests and nationals of the sending state, aswell as the promotion of information andfriendly relations.

The Ranks of Diplomats• ambassador, envoys, ministers, and charg d’affaires — are determined by internationallaw, namely the Vienna Convention onDiplomatic Relations of 1961.

• Diplomats can be contrasted with consuls,attach s, who represent their state in anumber of administrative ways, but who don’thave the diplomat’s political functions. ံ ံးိုး ာ ္ ံ ူ ြဲ ( ) Charge d’ affaires en titre ံ ံို ေ ြဲ ္း ာ ္ ံ ာCharge d’ affaires ad interim ံ ံို ာ ာ ္ ံ ာ1. Charge d’ affaires ံ ံးိုး ာ ္ ံTraditionalDiplomacy 34. Ambassador (High Commissioner inCommonwealth missions)2. Modern DiplomacyMultilateral Diplomacy• Ambassador at Large ံေ (ေ ူ ော ာ ို ္ ႊးြဲေ ္း ္း ံေ ာ ံေ ) ံ ံးိုး ေ ေ ြဲ• Permanent Representative ေ ြဲ ္း ို ာ း္• Resident Representativeေ ြဲေး ို ာ ္( ာေး ို ာ ္)• Special Ambassadorေ ူ ေး ႊ ္း ္း ံေ ာ ံေ • U.

S Trade Representative ေေ ္ ု ္ ္ ္ေး ို ာ ္ 36. • Ask about educational requirements, like professionaldegrees, preferred fields of study and whether youmust become proficient in other languages.

• Know about other qualifications, such as whether youmust be a natural born citizen and whether you mustmeet certain age requirements.

For example,applicants in the United States must be between theages of 21 and 59. • Most diplomats have university degrees ininternational relations, political science, economics, orlaw.

Diplomats must receive medicalclearance that they are able to travel broadly and live in areas withlimited access to healthcare facilities.

• Determine whether you would pass security clearance. Governments perform background checks to confirm thatapplicants have no criminal background, are financially responsibleand have not abused drugs or alcohol.

• Decide whether you possess the right temperament to relocate toany country your government sends you to and to uphold yourgovernment’s policies even though you may not agree with them.

• Reflect on your ability to speak effectively through an interpreterand your ability to negotiate and persuade without antagonizingothers This page uses the words tact and diplomacy interchangeably, in interpersonal relationships both words have broadly the same meaning. Most definitions of tact .

Diplomats also must be able to adapt to living amongpeople of diverse cultures 38.

Diplomacy.ppt - icivics

• Sir Harold Nicolson acknowledged thatdiplomats can become "denationalised,internationalised and therefore dehydrated,an elegant empty husk". Skill For a Diplomat• The need for skilled individuals to staff embassies was met bythe graduates of universities, and this led to an increase in thestudy of international law, modern languages. • diplomats the capacity for more immediate input about thepolicy-making processes in the home capital by securecommunication systems, emails and mobile telephones.

• Must be change Color in appropriate place as vase-visa.